Oriental workshop rugs:
Sarough, ghoum, veramine, nain, kashan.
Inspired by academic achievements of the Safavid dynasty, the rugs in this section take up precious traditional or classic patterns often reinterpreted by 19th and 20th century Ustads.
From 1936, on the initiative of Reza Palhavi Shah and until the middle of the 20th century, the Iranian state created a subsidized institution in order to preserve ancient and traditional motifs. These rugs have the name 'Sherkat farsh' which can be translated as 'state rug’ and which allows to safeguard and transmit the know-how and the tradition of the Persian carpet.
Iranian rug, kurk wool (fine lamb's wool), cotton warp and weft, circa 1950. Very
good condition. Strong and durable that can withstand heavy traffic.
City of central Iran, the achievements of kashan began during the Safavid dynasty (1501-1732) and particularly under the reign of Shah Abbas. Very beautiful traditional kashan with medallion, in mian farsh format, recalling the academic achievements of the Safavid dynasty (1501-1732). During the reign of Shah Abbas (1588-1629), schools were created to train ustads (master weavers) who made cardboard rugs.
The designs were inspired by the Persian tradition by reproducing scenes of hunting, gardens, roses, trees, mosaic patterns or bas-reliefs (Persepolis)…
This kashan is the very example of this tradition. In the center, two sky blue and beige medallions are inserted in a navy blue medallion. Four spandrels, reminiscent of the central medallion, as well as borders with the 'herati' or 'samovari' (flowers) motif frame the field of the carpet, on a deep red background, which consists of a multitude of flowers and foliage.
Iranian rug, kurk wool (fine lamb's wool), cotton warp and weft, circa 1960. Very
Beautiful traditional kashan with medallion, in "mian farsh" format, recalling the academic achievements of the Safavid dynasty (1501-1732). During the reign of Shah Abbas (1588-1629), schools were created to train ustads (master weavers) who made cardboard rugs. The designs were inspired by Persian tradition by reproducing hunting scenes, gardens, roses, trees, mosaic or bas-relief patterns (Persepolis).
Solid and durable carpet that can withstand intensive passage. A great timeless classic.
Iranian rug from the Arak region, Kurk * wool, cotton warp and weft, circa 1930.
Good condition. Strong and durable mat.
Located to the south-west of Malayer, the djosans are inspired by the achievements of the Sarough rugs. Thanks to the quality of the water in this region, washing wool provides excellent results (shine and colors).
This dozar format djosan ** shows the remarkable work of the artisans of this region. The field of the carpet consists of a multitude of flowers and foliage on a patinated red background. Four ivory-colored spandrels brighten the whole. All enhanced by a stylized "samovari" border, surrounded by two small "herati" borders (flowers). A central medallion recalls the borders by its colors and elegance. Note two small disgorgement of colors without gravity.
* Kurk wool: fine wool collected by combing from the necks of lambs.
** Dozar: carpet format of approximately 2 m². Zar: Persian unit of measurement equivalent to 106 cm.
Iranian rug from the Arak region, Kurk wool, cotton warp and weft,
Saroughs are rugs held in high regard for their wool quality, designs and colors. These rugs have different decorative patterns like medallions but most often based on a floral theme.
Elegant sarough with a floral design typical of academic achievements from the beginning of the 20th century. Beautiful borders. Fine and careful work. The darker main border highlights the field of the carpet on a salmon pink background. This sarouk shows the refined work and the sensitivity of the Persian weavers. The color called "dughi" is a salmon pink color specific to the saroughs of the 1920s called "American saroughs", exported to the USA for the American demand.
Note: There is a new generation of "American saroughs" made in India.
Carpet made in Romania in the 50s and 60s, Kurk * wool, cotton warp and weft. Very
Beautiful achievement. In the middle of the 20th century, master weavers (Ustads) from Tabriz (Iran) trained Romanian weavers. Their workshops most often used academic motifs specific to Iranian tabriz rugs. These rugs were of excellent quality as much in the quality of the wool as in the weaving (fine work).
This Romanian tabriz is the typical example of these achievements. An elegant medallion on an ivory background composed of the motif "göl-e-bölbül" ** stands out against an orange field decorated with a multitude of foliage, flowers (göl) and botehs ***. The worked borders as well as the four spandrels are in harmony with the central medallion. The square format is very interesting. Strong and durable mat.
* kurk wool: fine lambs wool.
** göl-ebölbül: motif representing roses and birds (nightingales).
*** boteh: Ancient motif with different meanings. It can represent the transformation of Zoroaster into a cypress, symbol of eternity, but also into a drop of water, a palm, a tree. The term boteh means "flowering bush" in Persian. There is a similarity to yin and yang.
Iranians carpets, entirely in silk, circa 1990.
The city of Ghoum or Qum is located about a hundred kilometers south of Tehran. The first achievements began in the years 20-30, inspired by the achievements of the Safavid dynasty of the cities of Kashan, Tabriz, Isfahan.
Remarkable work for these ghoums, in puchti format. We can appreciate the mastery of weavers in the realistic representation of birds perched on a flowering tree. A small red border frames the design. Fine work.
Iranian wool rug, 1950-60. Cotton warp and weft. Good condition. Strong and durable
Located in the south-east of Tehran, the small town of Véramine produced rugs most often using the timeless 'mina khani' (daisy motif) motif, an interpretation of the 'herati' or 'mahi' motif.
Harmonious combination of colors for this veramine with original graphics including a central medallion on a red background, inserted in an ivory medallion. In the borders, various "cartridges", take again floral motives, but also, animal representations (weasels, or ferrets).